Mina Malekzadeh

Work place: Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran

E-mail: m.malekzadeh@hsu.ac.ir


Research Interests: Computer systems and computational processes, Computer Networks, Network Architecture, Network Security, Data Structures and Algorithms


Mina Malekzadeh received the M.Sc. degree in software engineering and the Ph.D. degree in computer security from Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM University) in 2007 and 2011, respectively. She is currently an Assistant Professor with the Department of Computer Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University. Her main research interests include computer networks, wireless and mobile communication systems, network security, IoT, and big data.

Author Articles
Evaluating the Capacities and Limitations of 5G and 4G Networks: An Analysis Approach

By Mohammad Reza Batooei Mina Malekzadeh

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijwmt.2024.03.05, Pub. Date: 8 Jun. 2024

The utilization of millimeter waves in 5G technology has led to key differences in the capacities and performance of radio communications. Examining the advantages and challenges of this technology and comparing it with an established technology like 4G can provide a deeper understanding of these changes. Overall, this study conducts examinations to provide the characteristics of 5G and 4G technologies. In this study, the performance of 5G was evaluated and compared to 4G, under fair conditions, by analyzing the effect of increasing the distance of antennas, the number of users, and bandwidth on signal power, delay, throughput, channel quality, and modulation metrics. The analysis demonstrates the superiority of 5G in terms of speed and its ability to support more users compared to 4G. The higher data rates and enhanced capacity of 5G are evident in the results. However, it's worth noting that 4G offers a wider coverage area compared to 5G, making it more suitable for certain scenarios where extended coverage is essential. Additionally, it was observed that 5G signals are more susceptible to noise and obstacles compared to 4G, which can impact signal quality and coverage in certain environments. The presented results suggest that using 5G antennas in geographically limited and densely populated areas, such as rural regions, would be more cost-effective compared to using 4G antennas. This is because fewer antennas are required to serve more users without the need for extensive coverage. Additionally, numerous obstacles in urban areas pose challenges to 5G technology, thus requiring a greater number of antennas to achieve satisfactory accessibility.

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A Hybrid Selection Approach Based on Advanced Antenna Technologies for Cellular LTE-A

By Mina Malekzadeh

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijwmt.2021.02.01, Pub. Date: 8 Apr. 2021

While addressing cellular network performance issues, resolving problems with coverage and capacity is critical. The coexistence of cellular networks and smaller femtocells working within the macrocell area is among the alternative solutions. The simultaneous functioning of macrocells and femtocells, however, introduces new technical challenges that pose serious concerns about the efficiency of cellular networks. Therefore, this work proposes a hybrid approach based on variant advanced antenna technologies including MIMO methods and antenna systems for the deployment of femtocells and macrocells. To accomplish this, three distinct LTE-A network models with and without femtocells are set up with different architectures for high-density areas. The models further cover tri-sector and omnidirectional antenna systems to analyze the relevant effects on the performance of the LTE-A macrocells as well as femtocells. Also, to extend the analysis, integration of different MIMO methods for the models is provided. The networks are implemented and the link performance evaluation is carried out with regard to spectral and energy efficiency, cell and user throughputs, fairness, and SINR. The results contribute to determining the performance gains and energy saving of the LTE-A femtocells as well as macrocells by employing different advanced antenna technologies.

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Heterogeneous Cellular Interworking of WIMAX and UMTS for Sensitive Real-Time Services

By Mina Malekzadeh

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijieeb.2016.06.01, Pub. Date: 8 Nov. 2016

Since internet connections are provided through a variety of disparate networks, connecting these networks and supporting heterogeneous interworking is a major issue particularly in cellular networks. The interworking issue becomes even more challenging when it comes to providing QoS for real time services. To improve QoS requirements of the real time data and to increase inter cellular mobility, we propose a cost-effective framework structure consists of four separate cellular models. The framework includes a heterogeneous interwork model that integrates cellular WiMAX and UMTS. Moreover, a pure WiMAX network model along with two pure UMTS network models is set up by the framework. The performance of the heterogeneous model is evaluated via simulation and analyzed against the measured metrics of the pure models to quantify the level of improvements from QoS of the real time packets point of view. Based on the results, the recommendations are made on the most appropriate model in regard to better QoS for VoIP in cellular networks.

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Amplification-based Attack Models for Discontinuance of Conventional Network Transmissions

By Mina Malekzadeh Moghis Ashrostaghi M.H. Shahrokh Abadi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijieeb.2015.06.03, Pub. Date: 8 Nov. 2015

Amplification attacks take advantage of insecurity of different OSI layers. By targeting broadcast address of the victim networks and sending a few packets by the attackers, they force the legitimate user in the victim networks to response to these packets and attack their own trusted networks unknowingly. Despite importance of amplification attacks, there is not any work to implement these attacks to identify their procedure and quantify and compare their impacts on the networks. In this work, we use NS2 to achieve these goals. A variety range of scenarios are designed to implement DDoS amplification attacks and collect the results in terms of different network performance measures. The quantitative results prove devastating impact of the attacks which are easily capable of rendering the target wireless networks disable for their legitimate users. 

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Damage Measurement of Collision Attacks on Performance of Wireless Sensor Networks

By Mina Malekzadeh Sadegh Ebady M.H. Shahrokh Abadi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijieeb.2014.06.03, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2014

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are widely developed to monitor different phenomena in a variety of areas including nature, medical centers, home automation, industrial and military applications. Such development in many different fields, raises important security issues related to the reliability of the WSNs. Due to the resource constrained nature of the WSNs, these networks are the target of many different types of attacks and prone to failure. In this paper, we consider the collision attack. An attempt has been made to measure the impact of the collision attack on the performance of WSNs under variety scenarios performed by the attackers. The main contribution of this paper is to present that although the attack does not consume much energy of the attacker, it can highly disrupt the normal operation of the target sensor networks. The implementation of the proposed attack model has been done by using NS2 network simulator.

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