Ruth G. Luciano

Work place: College of Information and Communications Technology, Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology, Philippines



Research Interests: Information Theory, Information Systems, Information Security, Computer Science & Information Technology


Dr. Ruth G. Luciano is a full-time college IT instructor at the Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology College of Information and Communications Technology located in Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija, Philippines. She has been in the teaching profession for 20 years now. She worked as a private school instructor for 17 years and in 2018 she joined the NEUST’s teaching workforce. She is also a lecturer at the MSIT program of the Graduate School of the same University.

Author Articles
Analyzing Test Performance of BSIT Students and Question Quality: A Study on Item Difficulty Index and Item Discrimination Index for Test Question Improvement

By Cris Norman P. Olipas Ruth G. Luciano

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jun. 2024

This study presents a comprehensive assessment of the test performance of Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (BSIT) students in the System Integration and Architecture (SIA) course, coupled with a meticulous examination of the quality of test questions, aiming to lay the groundwork for enhancing the assessment tool. Employing a cross-sectional research design, the study involved 200 fourth-year students enrolled in the course. The results illuminated a significant discrepancy in scores between upper and lower student cohorts, highlighting the necessity for targeted interventions, curriculum enhancements, and assessment refinements, particularly for those in the lower-performing group. Further examination of the item difficulty index of the assessment tool unveiled the need to fine-tune certain items to better suit a broader spectrum of students. Nevertheless, the majority of items were deemed adequately aligned with their respective difficulty levels. Additionally, an analysis of the item discrimination index identified 25 items suitable for retention, while 27 items warranted revision, and 3 items were suitable for removal, as per the analysis outcomes. These insights provide a valuable foundation for improving the assessment tool, thereby optimizing its capacity to evaluate students' acquired knowledge effectively. The study's novel contribution lies in its integration of both student performance assessment and evaluation of assessment tool quality within the BSIT program, offering actionable insights for improving educational outcomes. By identifying challenges faced by BSIT students and proposing targeted interventions, curriculum enhancements, and assessment refinements, the research advances our understanding of effective assessment practices. Furthermore, the detailed analysis of item difficulty and discrimination indices offers practical guidance for enhancing the reliability and validity of assessment tools in the BSIT program. Overall, this research contributes to the existing body of knowledge by providing empirical evidence and actionable recommendations tailored to the needs of BSIT students, promoting educational quality and student success in Information Technology.

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Medicine Management System: Its Design and Development

By Ruth G. Luciano Rhoel Anthony G. Torres Edward B. Gomez Hardly Joy D. Nacino Rodmark D. Ramirez

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jun. 2023

The researchers conducted this study with the main purpose of helping the residents of the municipality to expedite the process of obtaining free medicine. In the current setup, an individual who needs to avail of free medicine from the barangay or municipal health center personally visits the place to request maintenance medicine. This motivated the researchers to make a research study focusing on converting the manual requisition system to something that people can access quickly and comfortably without necessarily going out of their households, especially during these challenging times – the pandemic. The researchers called it a “Medicine Management System”. The researchers aimed to speed up the requisition of medicine using this online system. The patients or qualified recipients need not consume time lining up to request medicine from the municipal health center. This system can be accessed over the internet anytime and anywhere. Users must register and upload a legit doctor’s prescription. Researchers have created this system using HTML for the system interface, XAMPP for maintaining database records, and PHP for other system functionalities.

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PARADAJuan: A Web-Based Parking Lot Management System Designed and Developed Using Multi-Paradigm Programming Languages

By Ruth G. Luciano Angelito I. Cunanan Romualdo P. Mariano Edrain Nico A. Tavares Mark Reniel L. Jacinto

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jun. 2023

This study aims to develop a web-based parking lot management system using multi-paradigm programming languages. This application is designed to help parking lot owners in monitoring the ins and outs of the parking spaces including the income they generated from it. The researchers used multi-paradigm programming languages where more than one programming paradigm was employed. This allows them to use the most suitable programming style and associated language constructs to build the system. Specifically, the researchers made use of the following languages in creating the system: HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, PHP, MySQL, and Flutter. The study utilized developmental research methods in which the product-development process is analyzed and described, and the final product is evaluated. As a result, the creation of the system has been successful.

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Stressors and Stress-Coping Mechanisms of Academic Scholars in HEIs: A Basis for Stress Management Plan Formulation

By Ruth G. Luciano Mickel John Salvatierra

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Jun. 2022

This study aims to describe the stress coping mechanism of the academic scholars from the College of Education (COEd) in one of the private higher education institutions in Cabanatuan City, Philippines. This is an action research that focuses on the assessment of the academic scholars’ stressors and their correlates. It involves systematic observations and data collection that enables the researchers to reflect, decide and develop a training plan for stress management. The findings show that monthly family income and economic-related stressors were highly correlated. This further explains that students with high family income are less likely to experience frequent stress. In contrary, students who belong to low-income families are more prone to experience frequent stress. In other words, students who belong to poor families are more vulnerable to stress. Likewise, monthly family income and physiological responses to stress had high interdependence, which means that students with higher socio-economic status are less likely to experience severe anxiety, while students belonging to low-income families tend to experience severe anxiety. The results of this quantitative analysis served as basis in designing or preparing the stress management plan for these students. 

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Fire and Motion Early Warning Device: Its Design and Development

By Ronnie Camilo F. Robles Ruth G. Luciano Rolaida L. Sonza Arnold P. Dela Cruz Mariel Cabrillas

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2021

Cases of theft and robbery of computers, CCTV equipment, and LCD projector have become more frequent in schools. In addition, fire hazards are great threat to educational institutions where expensive learning materials are kept. Such incidents could be lessened and avoided if schools are equipped with appropriate security systems capable of monitoring and informing people about the coming possible danger. Thus, the development of Fire and Motion Early Warning Device (FMEWD) is timely and relevant. FMEWD consists of a website and interconnected devices and sensors intended to provide an efficient and effective warning system for preventing incidents relating to fire, smoke, and intrusion within an office. Upon detection, the system automatically sends an email and SMS to registered users. This study used the Agile Development Model which allows features to be delivered quickly and more frequently with higher levels of predictability. Evidently, the integration of different technologies conceptualized by the researcher addresses the pressing security concerns faced by educational institutions like NEUST.

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Mobile-based Attendance Monitoring System Using Face Tagging Technology

By Mariel Y. Cabrillas Ruth G. Luciano Maria Isidra P. Marcos Jet C. Aquino Ronnie Camilo F. Robles

DOI:, Pub. Date: 8 Dec. 2021

Manual checking of attendance may lead to inconsistency of data inputs and may generate unreliable attendance result. Hence, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system has been developed to solve this problem, but it allows only checking student’s attendance as they enter and exit the school premise only. In consequence, teachers in every subject still need to check and monitor students’ attendance manually. Nevertheless, due to a usual large number of students entering and existing the school premise as they are tapping their RFID card, there is always a possibility of proxy attendance. Thus, Mobile-Based Attendance Monitoring System Using Face Tagging Technology (MBAMSUFTT) was developed to provide an attendance monitoring system through biometric authentication such as face recognition. The system serves as a tool for teachers to check and monitor student’s attendance in most reliable and accurate way using their smart phones. The MBAMSUFTT generates attendance report intended for close monitoring and printing of student’s attendance result. But the reliability of the attendance result (output) of the system depends on the quality of picture (input) sent by the user. Camera specification, ambiance lighting condition, and proper position of students while taking photo is exclusively required. The server and the mobile part can only run together if Wireless Fidelity is on, otherwise, monitoring will not be executed.
As a developmental research, this study used the Agile Model based on System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) intended for building a project that can adapt to change requests quickly. The MBAMSUFTT was evaluated based on the ISO/IEC 25010; MBAMSUFTT’s software quality characteristics by the IT experts, and its functionality, performance efficiency, and usability by the teachers. The analysis of the data revealed that the MBAMSUFTT serves its intended purpose in checking and monitoring students’ attendance per subject area with more accurate and reliable attendance results and has also met the ISO software quality standards.

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