A Review on HEVC Video Forensic Investigation under Compressed Domain

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Neetu Singla 1,* Sushama Nagpal 1 Jyotsna Singh 1

1. Netaji Subhas University of Technology, New Delhi, India

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2022.05.04

Received: 28 Jan. 2022 / Revised: 15 Mar. 2022 / Accepted: 29 Jun. 2022 / Published: 8 Oct. 2022

Index Terms

Digital Forensics, Video Forensics, HEVC Codec, Transcoding, Fake Bitrate, Double Compression


In recent years, video forensic investigation has become a prominent research area, due to the adverse effect of fake videos on networks, people and society. This paper summarizes all the existing methodologies used for forgery detection in H.265/HEVC videos. HEVC video forgery is generally classified into two categories as video quality forgery and video content forgery. The occurrence of various forgeries such as transcoding, fake-bitrate, inter-frame forgery and intra-frame forgery is deeply analyzed based on features extracted from the HEVC compression domain. The major findings of this research are (i) Less focus on transcoding detection, (ii) Non-availability of HEVC forged video dataset (iii) More focus on double compression detection for forgery detection, and (iv) Non-consideration of adaptive-GOP structure. The forgery detection in the video is critically important due to its wide use as the primary source of information in criminal investigations and proving the authenticity of contents. So, the forgery detection accuracy is of major concern at the present time. Although, various forgery detection methods are developed in past but the findings of this review point out the need of developing more effective detection methods with high accuracy.

Cite This Paper

Neetu Singla, Sushama Nagpal, Jyotsna Singh, " A Review on HEVC Video Forensic Investigation under Compressed Domain", International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP), Vol.14, No.5, pp. 44-57, 2022. DOI:10.5815/ijigsp.2022.05.04


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