Acoustic Signal Based Fault Detection in Motorcycles – A Comparative Study of Classifiers

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Basavaraj S. Anami 1,* Veerappa B. Pagi 2

1. KLE Institute of Technology, Hubli – 580 030, India

2. Dept. of MCA, Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot – 587 102, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 4 Oct. 2012 / Revised: 31 Oct. 2012 / Accepted: 5 Dec. 2012 / Published: 8 Jan. 2013

Index Terms

Acoustic fault detection, ANN classifier, Support vector machines, K-nearest neighbour classifier, DTW classifier


The sound patterns generated by the vehicles give a clue of the health conditions. The paper presents the fault detection of motorcycles based on the acoustic signals. Simple temporal and spectral features are used as input to four types of classifiers, namely, dynamic time warping (DTW), artificial neural network (ANN), k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) and support vector machine (SVM), for a suitability study in automatic fault detection. Amongst these classifiers the k-NN is found to be simple and suitable for this work. The overall classification accuracy exhibited by k-NN classifier is over 90%. The work finds applications in automatic surveillance, detection of non-compliance with traffic rules, identification of unlawful mixture of fuel, detection of over-aged vehicles on road, vehicle fault diagnosis and the like.

Cite This Paper

Basavaraj S. Anami,Veerappa B. Pagi,"Acoustic Signal Based Fault Detection in Motorcycles – A Comparative Study of Classifiers", IJIGSP, vol.5, no.1, pp.8-15, 2013. DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2013.01.02



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