Robust Adaptive Watermarking Based on Image Contents Using Wavelet Technique

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A. K. Verma 1,* C. Patvardhan 2 C. Vasantha Lakshmi 3

1. Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department Hindustan Institute of Technology and Management, Agra, UP, India

2. Electrical Engineering Department Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra, UP, India

3. Physics and Computer Science Department Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra, UP, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 26 Sep. 2014 / Revised: 5 Nov. 2014 / Accepted: 28 Nov. 2014 / Published: 8 Jan. 2015

Index Terms

Wavelets, Bior6.8, Robustness, Correlation, Edge Histogram, Level of decomposition, Image Contents


A good watermarking scheme should be able to perform equally well on all types of images irrespective of image contents because practically watermarking has to be applied to images of all types. In this paper, it is shown that in wavelet based spread spectrum technique, watermarking at level 1 decomposition is better for textured images while watermarking at level 2 decomposition is better for non-textured images to achieve maximum robustness against various types of attacks. The proposed wavelet decomposition level selection algorithm utilizes the edge histogram to classify the host image as textured or non-textured image and automatically selects the level of decomposition for robust watermarking. The use of Spread Spectrum watermarking technique and Bior6.8 wavelet, results better robustness. Performance of the proposed scheme and its relative effectiveness is demonstrated on both categories of images under different attacks.

Cite This Paper

A. K. Verma, C. Patvardhan, C. Vasantha Lakshmi,"Robust Adaptive Watermarking Based on Image Contents Using Wavelet Technique", IJIGSP, vol.7, no.2, pp.48-55, 2015. DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2015.02.07


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