IJIGSP Vol. 8, No. 2, Feb. 2016
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 189KB)
Super resolution is a technique to enhance the scale of image in digital image processing. The single low resolution and multiple low resolution techniques have been used by many researchers in reconstructing high resolution image. The above resolution increasing techniques are researched under spatial and frequency domain. When increased in the resolution of image, it is very important to retain the quality of image, which is the challenging task in the domain of digital image processing. Here in this paper, the super resolution architecture for single low resolution technique has been proposed to reconstruct the high resolution image by combining interpolation and restoration methods in spatial domain. The modified adaptive bilinear interpolation is proposed for interpolation and contra harmonic mean & adaptive median filter are used for restoration of single low resolution image. The experimentation is done on standard data set show that, the results obtained from modified adaptive bilinear interpolation are competitively improved when compare to other existing single low resolution techniques in interpolation domain.[...] Read more.
Automated sign language recognition is one of the important areas of computer vision today, because of its applicability in vast fields of life. This paper presents automated recognition of signs taken from Pakistani Sign Language (PSL). The paper presents empirical analysis of two statistical and one transformation based shape descriptors for the recognition of PSL. A purely vision based, efficient, signer independent, multi-aspect invariant method is proposed for the recognition of 44 signs of PSL. The method has proved its worth by utilizing a very small shape descriptor and giving promising results for a reasonable size of sign dictionary. The proposed methodology achieved an accuracy of 92%.[...] Read more.
Currency recognition is a technology used to identify currencies of various countries. The use of automatic methods of currency recognition has been increasing due its importance in many sectors such as vending machine, railway ticket counter, banking system, shopping mall, currency exchange service, etc. This paper describes the design of automatic recognition of Ethiopian currency. In this work, we propose hardware and software solutions which take images of an Ethiopian currency from a scanner and camera as an input. We combined characteristic features of currency and local feature descriptors to design a four level classifier. The design has a categorization component, which is responsible to denominate the currency notes into their respective denomination and verification component which is responsible to validate whether the currency is genuine or not. The system is tested using genuine Ethiopian currencies, counterfeit Ethiopian currencies and other countries' currencies. The denomination accuracy for genuine Ethiopian currency, counterfeit currencies and other countries' currencies is found to be 90.42%, 83.3% and 100% respectively. The verification accuracy of our system is 96.13%.[...] Read more.
The automatic segmentation of objects of interest is a new research area with applications in various fields. In this paper, the object segmentation method is used for content based video management and compression of video frames for video conferencing. The face region, which is the object of interest in the video frames, is identified first using a skin color based algorithm. The face regions are then extracted and encoded without loss, while the non- face regions and the non-face frames are quantized before encoding. Results show that the decompressed video has an improved quality with the proposed approach at low bit rates.[...] Read more.
In this article, power optimization is investigated in Configurable Logic Block (CLB) of Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) for 65nm technology via controlling Virtual Ground Voltage (Vssv) state that follows Power-Gated standard. Initially different Configurable Logic Block are designed through the logic gates and then expanded via adding Look Up Table circuit (LUT) in inputs; afterwards, the samples of Configurable Logic blocks are investigated in two logic states of Virtual Ground Voltage =0 and Virtual Ground Voltage =1 regarding the power dissipation; whereas 100µs is time reference for simulation of time controller of Virtual Ground Voltage function. First Configurable Logic Block are kept at logic state of Virtual Ground Voltage =1(power gated) for 10µs out of 100µs and remaining time at logic state of Virtual Ground Voltage =0 (power not gated); then the simulation test is repeated up to 50µs in 5 steps for each Configurable Logic Block sample. Finally the result shows that reduction being at logic state of Virtual Ground Voltage =0 in a constant time period has linear effect on decreasing average power. With the Configurable Logic Block in operation for 50% of the total time in Virtual Ground Voltage =1 logic state, the average power reduces up to 49% in the best case scenario. Meanwhile the Configurable Logic Block can still preserve its logic state.[...] Read more.
In case of salient subject recognition, computer algorithms have been heavily relied on scanning of images from top-left to bottom-right systematically and apply brute-force when attempting to locate objects of interest. Thus, the process turns out to be quite time consuming. Here a novel approach and a simple solution to the above problem is discussed. In this paper, we implement an approach to object manipulation and detection through segmentation map, which would help to de-saturate or, in other words, wash out the background of the image. Evaluation for the performance is carried out using the Jaccard index against the well-known Ground-truth target box technique.[...] Read more.
In high radiometric resolution electro optical image payloads of remote sensing satellites, photon noise dominates SNR performance. Photon noise is input signal dependent and difficult to filter. This paper proposes a photon noise filtering technique for Ocean Color Monitor (OCM) images. Existing filtering techniques are meant for object detection and handles images with poor SNR. As OCM SNR is on higher side, custom sigma filter based denoising technique is developed. Proposed technique first converts photon noise to signal independent Gaussian noise. For this variance stabilization, Anscombe transform is used. Simulations are carried on various images. Proposed technique provides 20- 50% reduction in overall as well count-wise RMSE. FFT analysis shows significant reduction in noise. Proposed technique is of low complexity.[...] Read more.