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Biometric identification, Electroencephalogram, Eye blinking, Electrooculogram, Auto-regression, Discriminant analysis
In this paper, a new acquisition protocol is adopted for identifying individuals from electroencephalogram signals based on eye blinking waveforms. For this purpose, a database of 10 subjects is collected using Neurosky Mindwave headset. Then, the eye blinking signal is extracted from brain wave recordings and used for the identification task. The feature extraction stage includes fitting the extracted eye blinks to auto-regressive model. Two algorithms are implemented for auto-regressive modeling namely; Levinson-Durbin and Burg algorithms. Then, discriminant analysis is adopted for classification scheme. Linear and quadratic discriminant functions are tested and compared in this paper. Using Burg algorithm with linear discriminant analysis, the proposed system can identify subjects with best accuracy of 99.8%. The obtained results in this paper confirm that eye blinking waveform carries discriminant information and is therefore appropriate as a basis for person identification methods.
M. Abo-Zahhad, Sabah M. Ahmed, Sherif N. Abbas, "A New EEG Acquisition Protocol for Biometric Identification Using Eye Blinking Signals", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), vol.7, no.6, pp.48-54, 2015. DOI:10.5815/ijisa.2015.06.05
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