A Review of Knowledge Management Based Career Exploration System in Engineering Education

Full Text (PDF, 352KB), PP.8-15

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


Varekan Keishing 1,* S. Renukadevi 1

1. National Institute of Technical Teachers Training & Research, (NITTTR), Chennai-600113, India

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2016.01.02

Received: 20 Aug. 2015 / Revised: 18 Oct. 2015 / Accepted: 26 Nov. 2015 / Published: 8 Jan. 2016

Index Terms

Tacit Knowledge, Explicit Knowledge, Knowledge Sharing, Knowledge Elicitation, Knowledge Management, Career Exploration, KMCES


Knowledge sharing has become an important tool in every organization’s success story today. Various knowledge management applications has been carried out recently in many sector like health care, university, banking, construction etc. and it has brought significant improvements. However minimal research is done on career development and as such Knowledge management in career exploration in Engineering Education has not been carried out till date. In India, most of the curriculum and pedagogy does not suit with the real time job environment and this caused many graduates to remain unemployed every year. To meet the gap, this paper attempts to highlight the works on the various existing career exploration and knowledge management techniques. The author collected relevant literature from 2010 to 2015 with the objective to find out a way to combine the two disciplines of career exploration and knowledge management to enhance the career awareness and career exploration system with the application of knowledge management techniques. From the study, the researcher found four conclusions: (i). Education and work/career are separated into different world; (ii). Career exploration enhances student’s career awareness; (iii). Knowledge management technique adds efficiency and enhances curriculum; (iv). The research efforts in knowledge management (KM) and career exploration are sparse and no such literatures are available on knowledge management in career exploration currently. This research may add to the development of an efficient knowledge management based career exploration system for engineering education.

Cite This Paper

Varekan Keishing, S. Renukadevi,"A Review of Knowledge Management Based Career Exploration System in Engineering Education", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.8, No.1, pp.8-15, 2016.DOI: 10.5815/ijmecs.2016.01.02


[1]Maria & Luisa, (2003). Guidance theory and practice the status of career exploration. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling.
[2]Krumboltz, J.D. (1979). A social learning theory of career decision making. In: MITCHELL, A.M., JANE, G.G. & KRUMBOLTZ, J.D. (Eds), Social Learning and Career Decision Making (pp. 19_/49).
[3]Ginzberg, E., et. al., (1951). Occupational Choice: an Approach to a General Theory. New York: Columbia University Press.
[4]Super, D.E. (1957). The Psychology of careers. New York: Harper & Row.
[5]Stumpf Stephen A. et al. (1983). Development of the Career Exploration Survey (CES). Journal of Vocational Behavior 22, 191-226.
[6]Stumpf Stephen A. et al. (1984). The Impact of Career Exploration and Interview Readiness on Interview Performance and Outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior 24, 221-235.
[7]Berlyne, D.A., (1960), Conflict, arousal, and curiosity. New York: McGraw-Hill.
[8]Berlyne, D.A., (1963), Motivational problems raised by exploratory and epistemic behavior. In S. Koch (Ed.), Psychology – A study of a science. New York: McGraw – Hill, vol. 5.
[9]Berlyne, D.A., (1965), Structure and direction in thinking. New York: Willey.
[10]Jordan, J.P (1963). Exploratory behavior: The formation of self and occupational concepts. In D.E. Super, R. Statishersky, N. Martin, & J.P. Jordan (Eds.), Career development: Self-concept theory. New York: College Entrance Examination Board.
[11]Atkinson G., Patricia H.M., (1988). Kolb’s Experiential Learning Theory: A Meta-Model for Career Exploration. Journal of Counseling and Development vol. 66, Available at http://ausweb.scu.edu.au/aw05/papers/ refereed/soon/paper.html.
[12]Levi, M., Ziegler, S. (1993). The role of career exploration as a component of an effective guidance program in the transition. Guidance & Counseling”, 8, pp. 6-15, 1993.
[13]Blustein, D. L., & Flum, H. (1999). A self- determination perspective of interests and exploration in career development. In M. L. Savickas, & A. R. Spokane (Eds.), Vocational interests: Meaning, measurement, and counseling use (pp. 345–368). Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.
[14]NHDE: Concord, (2000), “Curriculum Development Framework”. New Hampshire: NHDE, 2000. Cranston, RI: Carole Press.
[15]Erik J. Porfeli & Vladimir B. Skorikov, (2010). Specific and Diversive Career Exploration During Late Adolescence. Journal of Career Assessment.
[16]Lowe, A & Toney, M. (2002). Academic Advising: Views of the Givers and the Takers. Journal of College Student Retention. 2 (12), 93-108, 2001-2002.
[17]Andreas Blom. & Hiroshi Saeki., (2012). Employability and Skill Sets of Newly Graduated Engineers in India: A Study. The IUP Journal of Soft Skills, Vol. VI, No. 4, pp. 7-50, December 2012.Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2187227.
[18]Stone J., (2011). College and Career Ready: A Conceptual Framework for increasing engagement, achievement and transition. Education and Employers Taskforce, London, paper presented at the 2nd Education and Employers Taskforce Research Conference, viewed Aug, 19th 2015. http://www.educationandemployers.org/media/13877/james_stone_iii_conference_paper_2011.pdf.
[19]Chithra. R, (2013). Employability Skills -A Study on the Perception of the Engineering Students and their Prospective Employers. Global Journal of Management and Business Studies. ISSN 2248-9878, Volume 3. pp. 525-534.
[20]SAHDS (2013) Report No. 57 (South East Asia Human Development Sector). International Comparative Study: Engineering Education in India.
[21]OECD (2015), OECD Skills Outlook 2015: Youth, Skills and Employability, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264234178-en.
[22]Sakar V. Kamarthi et. al, (1992). ADVISOR-An Expert System for the Selection of Courses. Expert Systems with Apllications. Vol. 5, pp. 153-165, 1992.
[23]Denise F. & Christine, (2000). Career Exploration: A Multivariate Analysis of Predictors. Journal of Vocational Behavior 56, 63–81.
[24]Janice W. & Maggie B., (2005). Career Planning and Development for Students: Building a Career in a Professional Practice Discipline. Canadian Journal of Career Development. Volume 4.
[25]Esters Levon T. (2008). Influence of career exploration process behaviors on agriculture students’ level of career certainty. Journal of Agricultural Education Volume 49, Number 3, pp. 23 – 33.
[26]Kelly K. Pargett, (2011). The Effects of Academic Advising on College Student Development in Higher Education. University of Nebraska: Thesis.
[27]Stephanie R. Easterday, (2013). Academic advising: a study of the impact of academic advising on student satisfaction. Rowan University: Thesis.
[28]Adeel K. & Jessica W., (2014). Role of Academic Advisors in the Success of Engineering Students. Universal Journal of Educational Research 2(1): 73-79.
[29]Alavi, M., & Leidner, D. E. (2001). Review: Knowledge Management and Knowledge Management Systems: conceptual foundations and research issues. MIS Quarterly, 25(1), 107-136.
[30]Rao R. Nemani (2010). The Role Of Computer Technologies In Knowledge Acquisition. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice, Vol. 11, No. 3, September 2010.
[31]Lisa Soon (2005), A Comparative Study: Corporate Information Portals and Corporate Knowledge Portals.
[32]Liebowitz, J. (2000). Building Organizational Intelligence: A Knowledge Management Primer. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press LLC.
[33]Abell, A., & Oxbrow, N. (2001). Competing with Knowledge: The Information Professional in the Knowledge Management Age. London, U.K.: Library Association Publishing.
[34]Ezingeard, J., Leigh, S., & Chandler-Wilde, R. (2000). Knowledge management at Ernst & Young UK: getting value through knowledge flows. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Twenty First International Conference on Information Systems, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
[35]Mack, R., Ravin, Y., & Byrd, R. J. (2001). Knowledge Portals and the Emerging Digital Knowledge Workspace. IBM Systems Journal, 40(4), 925-941.
[36]Rusli Abdullah et. al., (2005). A Framework for Knowledge Management System Implementation in Collaborative Environment for Higher Learning Institution. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice.
[37]Kimiz Dalkir (2013). Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice. McGill University.
[38]Zaied et. al., (2012). The Role of Knowledge Management in Enhancing Organizational Performance. I.J. Information Engineering and Electronic Business, 2012, 5, 27-35 Published Online October 2012 in MECS (http://www.mecs-press.org/) DOI:10.5815/ijieeb.2012.05.04
[39]Alison & Stephen, (2002). Knowledge management in careers services: implications for Connexions managers. Career Development International.
[40]Kimberly Gustafson, (2003). A Case Study: Knowledge Management Systems to Enhance a Nursing Curriculum. 36th Annual Communicating Nursing Research Conference/17th Annual Western Institute of Nursing Assembly in Scottsdale, Arizona.
[41]Balirwa, Moses, (2006). An information portal for career guidance: the case of ordinary level in Uganda. http://hdl.handle.net/10570/505
[42]Oktri & Kadarsah, (2006). Nurse Knowledge Management Based On Expert System. Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management Vol. 1.
[43]Marjan M & Norizan M.Y. (2010). Web portal As A Knowledge Management System In The Universities. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 70 2010.
[44]Anand k (2011). Design and development of meta-model for knowledge management in higher education domain. Thesis: Anna University.
[45]Parul D. et. al (2011). Enhancing Curriculum and Research in Higher Education with a Strategic Use of Knowledge Management. Global Journal of Management and Business Research Volume 11 Issue 12 Version 1.0 December 2011.
[46]NKC (2009). National Knowledge Commission-Report to the Nation 2006 – 2009. Govt. of India.
[47]Ulka Toro & Milind J. J, (2013). A Review of Literature on Knowledge Management using ICT in Higher Education. Int.J.Computer Technology & Applications, Vol 4 (1), 62-67.
[48]Kathleen K. Molnar & Ramesh Sharda, (1999). Using the Internet for knowledge acquisition in expert systems development: A case study.
[49]YU Jianli & Qu Bo (Retrieved on 14 Jan. 2015). The Development of Career Management in the Knowledge-based Economy Era. Available at http://www.seiofbluemountain.com/upload/product/201001/12645783024w2ciysp.pdf.
[50]Arumugam Rathinavelu, (Accessed Aug 21, 2015). Design of KMS for Hr Education: Study. Available at http://www.tekbos.com/admin/upload/resources/Design%20of%20Knowledge%20Management%20System%20for%20higher%20
[51]Fact Guru (2003). Frequently Ask Questions. [Online]Available:http://www.site.uottawa.ca:4321/faq.htm.
[52]Varekan K., Renukadevi (2012). Career Exploration needs of Engineering Education. International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology. IJCST Vol. 3, Issue 1, pp.586-588, Jan. - March 2012.
[53]Biswas (2012). South is the leader of engineering education. Available at http://www.newindianexpress.com/education/edex/article417565.ece.
[54]Bartley & Robitschek (2000). Career Exploration: A Multivariate Analysis of Predictors. Journal of Vocational Behavior 56, 63–81.