Effect of Rician Factor in Satellite Communication Signal with MAP-MQAM Demodulation

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Zachaeus Kayode Adeyemo 1,* Ibraheem Folarin Bello 1 Damilare Oluwole Akande 1 Abdulahi Abiodun Badrudeen 2

1. Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, P.M.B 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

2. Federal Polytechnic, Department of Computer Engineering, Ede, Nigeria

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijwmt.2015.05.03

Received: 20 May 2015 / Revised: 2 Jul. 2015 / Accepted: 5 Aug. 2015 / Published: 8 Sep. 2015

Index Terms

Doppler effect, Terrestrial propagation, Satellite, Maximum a Posteriori, Equiprobable


This paper presents the effect of rician factors in satellite communications with Maximum A Posteriori (MAP) demodulation. Conventional QAM presently in use where the high capacity signaling scheme is required, is characterized with high errors due to the Doppler Effect and the nature of the channel as the order of modulation increases in rician fading channel. MAP detection scheme was used to reduce the error and maximize the probability of choosing correctly at the output of the QAM demodulator. MAP QAM was used as a signaling technique and obtained by taking the logarithm of Likelihood Ratio of observed binary data of an observation random variable at both the Inphase and Quadrature channels. System model was developed around MAP-QAM demodulator over rician factors of 5, 10, and 15 at 90 km/h. System model was simulated and evaluated using Bit Error Rate (BER) to determine the performances of the MAP-MQAM and conventional MQAM for comparison at modulation order 'M' of 4 and 16. The results obtained showed that as the rician factor increases, the BER values decreased indicating better performance with both MAP-MQAM and QAM signaling scheme.

Cite This Paper

Zachaeus Kayode Adeyemo, Ibraheem Folarin Bello, Damilare Oluwole Akande, Abdulahi Abiodun Badrudeen,"Effect of Rician Factor in Satellite Communication Signal with MAP-MQAM Demodulation", IJWMT, vol.5, no.5, pp.25-34, 2015. DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2015.05.03


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